The choice of breed of sheep depends on many criteria. The animal's immune system, external qualities, and productivity are important. Also of great importance is the complexity of care and feeding, because the budget for the maintenance of livestock for each breeder can vary significantly, as well as the possibilities for care. Hissar breed of sheep has a lot of advantages and disadvantages. Details about the breed and the characteristics of its content can be found below in the article.
The main characteristics of the breed
Hissar sheep breeds naturally appeared as a result of centuries of cross-breeding of sheep of different species on common pastures in Central Asia. Natural origin explains the high productive qualities of the animal, as well as resistance to various diseases. For the first time, already registered as a separate species, the animal began to be bred in Tajikistan. Today the breed is popular not only in Central Asia, but also in America and Europe.
Hissar sheep look very different from other breeds, they are not difficult to recognize even a novice.
Exterior of the Hissar breed of sheep
- The thorax sharply comes forward, which is one of the main distinguishing qualities of the species.
- Fat massive, with the right content can reach 40 kg.
- The breed has no horns, regardless of the sex of the animal. The presence of even small horns indicates not pure blood.
- Massive animal - this species is considered the largest in the whole world! Height at the withers can reach 1 meter, the weight of the female is 80-150 kg, and the male - 140-190 kg, depending on the quality of life and feeding.
- The body of the individuals is elongated, the torso is powerful, strong bones. The legs are always thin and long.
- Representatives have a small head in comparison with the body, and on the nose there is a characteristic hump.
- Ears are always long, drooping, any deviation is equal to marriage.
- Wool is short, coarse, sheared 2 times a year, rarely used for processing.
- The color is black, light gray, but more often brown, ashen.
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Hissar breed of sheep is very popular around the world for a reason. Their breeding is not difficult, while the animal is highly productive.
Fat in sheep weighs 25-40-kg. The yield of fat is - 70%
- With proper maintenance and care, females can reach 150 kg, and males - 190 kg! At the same time, the meat yield is 60%. This is a very high figure in comparison with other species.
- Meat has a pleasant peculiar taste, characteristic only for this breed. For this quality, the Gissar breed is valued by different ethnic groups, and the chefs consider their meat to be delicious.
- Fat in sheep weighs 25-40 kg. The yield of fat is - 70%.
- Good immunity makes the breed very profitable for breeding. They are not afraid of many infectious diseases, and even the bites of some insects are not afraid of them.
- Sheep are extremely hardy, able to walk long distances. Some breeders keep them on pasture year-round, which, by the way, saves money on maintenance.
- Females and males are quick. Lambs quickly gain weight, and already in 6 months they weigh within 60 kg. But they are more often slaughtered for 4-5 months.
- Ewes have high milk production. They can produce up to 2.5 liters of high fat milk per day!
Now it is worth considering the disadvantages of the form.
Lambs of the Gissar breed
- The wool of sheep of the Gissar breed leaves much to be desired. Most often it is used for the manufacture of felt fabrics. Shear individuals only 2 times a year. From one female, up to 1.5 kg of wool is trimmed, but most of them are awn and dead hair, due to which the amount of production wool from one nastrig is always scanty.
- The breed has high immunity, but the animal can be sick in a humid climate.
- Representatives begin to multiply at an early age, but multiply modestly. In one litter usually 1 lamb, in rare cases - 2.
- Purebred specimens are rare, despite the popularity of the breed. More often come across representatives with different impurities. Therefore, buying an animal on the market from strangers is not worth it.
It is important to note that the breed has several subspecies: meat, greasy and greasy meat animals. In grease is a very large fat tail, it can be a third of the body weight of the animal. Meat has a slender, toned body, the fat is not much, but the meat they have is very juicy, fat, considered to be delicious. Tallow and meat have average indicators, they have a moderate size fat tail, juicy meat, not very fat.
What are the features of care?
Spacious, dry and heated sheep shed
There are no big difficulties in leaving. The animal perfectly adapts to different conditions of detention. Moreover, they don’t even need a sheepfold if the climate is temperate. In warm seasons, they are kept under the open sky, and during rains or any other precipitation they are taken away under a shed.
However, high humidity and severe frosts are contraindicated in animals. Therefore, if the climate is humid or cold, the presence of a spacious, dry and heated shed is necessary.
They can graze almost anywhere, even in low-quality areas. But there is one feature - they can not graze on wetlands. In addition to humidity, there is a risk of entanglement of individuals separated from the flocks in the silt. Even if the shepherd notices that the sheep is sinking, it will be extremely difficult to pull it out, due to the heavy weight.
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The Hissar breed of sheep has no difficulty in terms of feeding. But there are several important points that the breeder should know about.
Feeding Gissar sheep
- To increase the meat productivity of sheep, they graze exclusively on fertile, pasture rich in cereals and other useful crops.
- During pregnancy, as well as some time after lambing, females should be given special vitamin supplements to maintain the immune system of the mother and baby, as well as improve the quality and quantity of milk.
- Many breeders wean their lambs immediately after lambing to get big milk. But it can badly affect the life of young. Only from the 3rd day of life does the lamb stand up, and it is at this time that you can separate it from the mother and transfer it to a milk substitute.
- In the diet must include: cereal, hay, in the warm months, fresh grass, roots (turnips, carrots).
- It is important to provide animals access to fresh water. It can be a trough with water, a small fountain, a reservoir.
- To satisfy mineral needs, special liznutsa stones are installed on pastures, in stalls or under sheds where animals are kept.