Onion turnip is used in the preparation of almost every dish. It is useful, contains many nutrients, a beneficial effect on the body, so it is not surprising that it is grown everywhere. Proper planting onions on a turnip, proper care and culture will be described later in the article.
What are the methods of growing onions?
To grow a turnip can be two methods: from seeds or from the seed. Both of them are popular, but in the first case, the work can stretch out for 2 seasons, and in the second case, by the end of 1 year, you can harvest and use the crop for its intended purpose.
- Chernushka (seeds) are sown in early spring or winter. Over the next year, the crops germinate, forming onion sets — small onions that need to be harvested to be planted the following year.
- Onion sets can be planted again with a vein or in the winter - it all depends on what the crop is grown for. So, during the winter planting, the harvest can be obtained earlier, but with the spring less risks, because strong frosts without proper insulation can destroy the future crop.
Onion sets can be planted with a vein or in winter
As can be seen cultivation is carried out in two seasons. It is possible to reduce the labor, acquiring for planting not chernushka, but ready onion sets, thus saving a whole year.
Experienced gardeners claim that it is possible to grow a turnip in one year from seed. Only this can be done only in favorable for the cultivation of the southern regions, where there is an abundance of sun. In this case, the chernushka is sown in a greenhouse in March, and then transplanted to a permanent place in open ground in May-June. The method is quite effective, but due to limited time, the final bow may turn out to be small.
Below are tips on how to grow onion turnips from onion sets, how to prepare the soil and planting material, during what period to plant, how to care for the crop and harvest.
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Planting material in advance to grow or buy. In the first case, it will take a whole year, so it is easier to purchase it in local markets or in specialized stores. It is only worthwhile to ensure that the crop was grown on local farms, otherwise planting onions on a turnip may not give results at all, planting material will either not take root in another climate, or simply will not sprout. Although there are exceptions.
A month before planting, the bulbs are sorted out - only the best are left. Good planting material to warm up. To do this, it is laid out near the battery or directly to the sun (window sill, balcony). The minimum warm-up period is 8 hours, the maximum is 4 weeks.
After heating, the bulbs need to be sorted by size. So it will be easier to plant and then sort the ready crop, because the more sevok, the greater will be the "turnip".
Sort costs in three categories: large (diameter 2 cm), medium (diameter 1-2 cm), small (less than 1 cm). Those onions that have dried up a lot, small, frail, if left, are placed in a solution of wood ash or bio-fertilizers for 1-2 days before planting.
To accelerate germination, onion bulbs cut the neck with scissors (a dried out place where there was greenery). This is done carefully, if you touch the "shoulders" or sprout germination will deteriorate. It is the danger of grazing the internal sprout, which is not visible behind the husk, which makes the procedure impractical, but some gardeners take the risk to get early shoots.
Right before planting, you can soak all the bulbs for 15-20 minutes in a 1% solution of copper sulfate. And then, without drying, immediately plant on the garden bed.
When and where to plant onions on a turnip?
Features of sowing onions
Onions on a turnip are planted in spring and autumn. At the same time, the landing time directly depends on the size of the set. Petty sevok planted in the fall, before the winter or in early spring under the film, so as not to die out. Large and medium can be planted only at a temperature of 12 degrees and above heat, otherwise it will shoot an arrow. This period is in the middle and end of April. It is worth noting that the largest bulbs will shoot the arrow whenever they are planted, so they are grown for greenery, not "turnips".
The soil type is ideally loamy or sandy, but with the right approach, any land will do. For planting pick sunny place, only partial shade is permissible. Tomatoes, cabbage, legumes, cucumbers can be predecessors of the culture. Gardeners also recommend planting sets together with carrots (alternate rows). This method will scare off plant pests, and together they grow much better.
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Proper planting onion sets for the winter
In spring or autumn, whenever onions were planted on a turnip, the ground should be fertilized, dug over and well leveled. As a fertilizer, you can use complex mineral supplements, but fresh manure can harm delicate lukovicheskam, use it only after pereplevaniya.
Right before planting, the site is leveled, ridges are made with a distance of 20 cm. No wells are made under the landing, there are enough furrows. The average depth is 2 sets. The distance between the individual bulbs is left: for a large set - 9-10 cm, medium - 7-8 cm, small - 5-7 cm. Sprinkle with soil, humus, or better, with a mixture of 1-2 cm in thickness.
After planting, you only need to remove the weeds from the site, and water the beds. Abundant watering is needed only in spring and in June. Then it is cut and completely stopped before harvesting. Hilling is not carried out, on the contrary, it is necessary to rake off the ground from grown bulbs in order to get sunlight on them.
Weeding is carried out only after the shoots appear, otherwise you can touch the young shoots under the ground. 3 weeks after planting, you need to fertilize the culture, for this purpose, use an infusion of humus or nettle. In addition, feeding times fold as needed.
- If the feathers grow slowly or have a pale color - you need to use a nitrogen fertilizer.
- The lack of phosphorus is expressed in the dying off of the tops, the blackening of old feathers.
- The grayish color of the leaves is a sign of a lack of potassium.
Putting onions on a turnip, it is not recommended to tear off green feathers from it - this reduces the yield, reduces the growth of the underground part, makes it unstable to diseases and storage. For fresh, green leaves, it is worth planting some plants separately.
When and how to harvest?
3-4 weeks before harvesting, you need to stop watering the onions. This allows the head to acquire the required number of scales, to dry. Onions can be harvested on a dry, warm day after the tops are fully set. Moisture and rain will reduce storage lines.
Crop storage method
In order not to damage the head, you can get it by undermining the ground. The harvest is laid out, dried, stacked in bags (wooden boxes, baskets) and placed in a dry and dark place. Store onions only in containers made of natural material, plastic boxes, plastic bags are not suitable for this. Storage temperature 18-22 degrees above zero.
During the winter, onions need to sort out several times. The rotted heads are removed, the rest are folded for further storage.