Currant Leningrad giant produces great harvests and grows without serious care from the gardener, thanks to which it is in great demand in Russia and neighboring countries. The variety has many positive qualities and quite a few flaws. The article will discuss in detail this type of black currant and provides tips on the methodology of planting and caring for the crop.
Characteristics of the Leningrad Giant variety
Currant Leningrad giant - medium ripening, was obtained by artificial method in St. Petersburg. The most common in the Leningrad region. Winterhardy, skoroplodnaya. Among the shortcomings is to provide a weak immune system.
Leaves are five-lobed, light green in color. On-brush 6-13 berries
Growing currant variety Leningrad giant tall shrub, srednerakidistaya even during fruiting. Green, young shoots are thick, there is a slight pubescence. Lignified shoots are also thick, pubescent, gray-beige. Leaves are five-fingered, light green in color. Flowers gives large, pale red. The brushes are short and long, contain 6-13 berries.
The berries of the currant are large, up to 2.2 grams, black in color, shiny, the skin is thin, the pulp is juicy and tender, dessert taste. The aroma is rich not only in the berries, but even in the leaves and twigs. In the composition of not more than 12.7% of sugars, 3.5% of free acids, 155-254.8 mg / 100 g - ascorbic acid. The number of certain substances in the composition depends largely on the abundance of light, heat during the ripening of the berries.
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Recommended landing at the fence or any other natural protection.
A place for planting is selected sunny - in the shade of the berries will be sour. Recommended landing at the fence or any other natural protection. Such a fence will partially protect the bush and branches from strong winds that are possible throughout the year. The soil should be fertilized, but the most important is not marshy. With high humidity, the bush will not grow and will simply rot.
Planting time - early spring, before the start of sap flow or early autumn, so that before the first frost currants Leningrad giant had time to take.
Only healthy saplings are taken for planting.
For planting taken only healthy seedlings. When viewed, they should not break. Branches must be flexible. There should be no signs of disease, fungi. Any swelling on the branches is a sign of a possible pest that just hibernates under the bark.
The landing scheme is the simplest. A hole is dug under the bush, the sizes depend on the bush itself. For an average bush with 2-3 pagons, a hole of 50x50x50 cm in size is needed. Fertile soil is prepared from the soil obtained after digging a hole. To do this, it is interfered with compost or humus. After that, the seedling is examined for the last time, it is important that the roots are strong, even and not broken.
A hill of fertile land is poured into the hole, and a bush is placed on it at a slight angle. If this is difficult to do, you can set it evenly, just at an angle the plant will take root faster. After installation, it is worthwhile to see if there are no bent or tangled roots, if they need to be straightened in order to settle down faster. Now you can fall asleep bush evenly from all sides. After the procedure, the ground trampled, poured water.
What is care?
Care currant varieties Leningrad giant is not difficult. From time to time it is watered, cut, remove dry branches. Under the weight of the harvest, the pagons can either completely fall to the ground or break off. Therefore, during the ripening of the berries, it is important to tie up the branches or put a support for them.
For the winter is to mulch any kind of mulch land under a bush
In the autumn, after harvesting and leaf fall, it is desirable to carry out preventive treatment from pests and diseases, especially since the bush has a weak immunity to them. To do this, take some complex tool. It is recommended to interfere only with proven drugs. If there is no confidence in the substance, it is necessary to give preference to folk methods.
In winter, it is worth mulching any kind of mulch land under a bush, as well as, if possible, warm the bush itself (wrap in agrofibre or film). In winter, when there is a severe frost, snow can be thrown on the branches - this is the easiest plant protection against frost.
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The number of crops an average of 20 t / ha or 3-4.5 kg / bush
The amount of harvest depends on the correctness of care, but the average value is 20 t / ha or 3-4.5 kg / bush. Harvest when the berries get a sweet and sour taste. If you overdo them on the branches, they just crumble. You can collect by hand, but the currant Leningrad giant is suitable for mechanical cleaning.
Berries of a grade the Leningrad giant suitable for the fresh use and for processing for the winter. If you want to somehow save the berries for the winter, you just need to freeze them or cook jam, jam, as they will be stored in the refrigerator for no more than 15 days.