Pear - a useful garden tree. It is not difficult to grow it, but it gives a lot of returns if it is properly looked after. Spring feeding is very important, because it is in the spring that the tree spends a lot of effort on the emergence of flowers, leaves, new pagons. Of course, without proper fertilizing, the tree will “work” to the floor of the force. How to feed the pear in the spring and how to do it will be discussed later in the article.
When to feed a pear in the spring?
Feeding pears in spring is carried out only three times: before bud break, then before flowering and after flowering. In early spring, nitrogen is introduced so that the tree can build up green mass, new pagons. Before flowering, the pear is fertilized in order to have more flowers and so that they do not fall off and freeze, if suddenly there is a threat of return frost. After flowering, top dressing improves the quality of fruits, increases their resistance to disease. If fertilizer is not applied, the ovary will begin to crumble and pears will be small.
Before flowering, the pear is fertilized in order to have more flowers and so that they do not fall off and freeze.
Since at different times feeding should have a certain effect, then different means are used. Below will be described in detail than to feed the pear in the spring.
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Before explaining how to feed a pear in the spring, you should study what types of fertilizers are used in the spring. Liquid and granular substances are used. If granules or dry substances are used, it is worthwhile to embed them into the ground by 10 cm. This is sufficient depth for substances to dissolve by means of rain and penetrate into the lowland layers of the soil. Thus, all those layers of the earth that are needed by the tree are fed.
Liquid fertilizers can be carried out root and foliar feeding pears in the spring. Liquid mixtures are usually used when there is a lack of precipitation or if there is no other alternative (some fertilizers are sold only in liquid form).
After flowering apply nitroammofosku
So, how to feed a pear in the spring? What fertilizers, and in what quantity to use for an adult tree?
- The first spring dressing is carried out in early spring, preferably before the start of sap flow, but when the snow has melted and you can work in the garden. You can use urea for this. In 5 liters of water dilute 100 g of urea and water the tree with this solution.
- Before flowering, a solution of superphosphate is used - 100 g per 12 l of water. It is also brought into the trunk circle.
- After flowering apply nitroammofosku. Per kilogram of fertilizer you need 200 liters of water. After the product is dissolved, 3 buckets of liquid are added to each tree.
And how to feed a pear in the spring of organic fertilizer?
- 500 g of chicken manure is diluted in 12 liters of warm water. This solution is well mixed and set for 5 days to brew in a dark place under the lid (so that nothing falls inside). After that, you can use the solution for watering the entire root zone of the pear. This substance will perfectly replace urea during the first spring feeding.
- Before and after flowering, you can make a solution of concentrated infusion of manure. For 5 liters of finished tincture, 10 liters of water are taken and applied to the stem or grooves around it.
- An infusion of wood ash of any kind can be used for spraying pears in the spring. This is done before the appearance of flowers or after flowering. He will saturate the tree with useful substances and after the fruit is set, they will not fall off.
How to understand what is missing pear?
To understand what to feed a pear in the spring, you need to know what it lacks. To do this, just look at the leaves, pagon - appearance.
Calcium, or rather its absence in the ground is manifested in the form of specks on leaves
- With a lack of nitrogen leaves develop slowly and have a very pale color. Young pagon in general can not grow.
- If the tree does not bloom or bloom occurs later than the deadline, and the flowers are underdeveloped, then this means that the tree lacks phosphorus.
- A shortage of potassium in the spring is rarely observed, and potassium itself is present in spring dressings as an additional, rather than basic substance. But it also happens that the leaves, barely appearing, begin to curl and dry. This is the main symptom of potassium deficiency.
- Calcium, or rather its absence in the earth, manifests itself as specks on leaves.
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Often gardeners, having studied the question of how to feed a pear in the spring, forget about the process technology itself. There are simple rules, non-observance of which can lead to low yields, tree soreness or a number of other problems.
- The first thing to follow is dosage. It is better to take a lower concentration, if there is no certainty, than a greater concentration, since the abundance of any substances in the earth is detrimental to plants.
The first thing to follow is dosage.
- Several types of nutrients should not be used at once. It is about the same overdose. When a gardener mixes chicken droppings with urea, he, in fact, makes a "horse" dose of nitrogen under the tree, because it is this mineral that is found in high concentration in both of these fertilizers. As a result, the roots get a burn that can not be cured. So before mixing it is worth exploring fertilizers.
- It is necessary to feed a pear in the spring with one or another substance in time. If the gardener did not have time to make urea before flowering, then you should not do this at all this year. You can use fertilizers for the next stage of tree development, but not catch up. You can practice next year.
If the gardener knows how to feed the pear in the spring, he will have no problems with the tree throughout the flowering and fruiting of the crop. But only the correct application of fertilizers can lead to positive results. Below are recommendations for spring feeding pears.
In the cold spring it is worthwhile to spray pears with various fertilizers.
- In the spring, only 2/3 of the amount of fertilizer from the norm indicated on the packages of mineral substances is applied. Since the abundance of minerals can be destructive for pears.
- If the spring is rainy it makes no sense to apply liquid fertilizer. It is much easier to feed the tree with granulated or dry substances, to dig up the earth, and the rains themselves will make them nutrient slush.
- In the cold spring it is worthwhile to spray pears with various fertilizers. Through the roots, trees rarely receive a lot of nutrients in extreme cold, but through the leaves the other way round. So spraying a cold spring can save the tree and the entire future harvest.
Feed a pear, like any other garden and garden crops need only when it is needed. It is simply impossible to do this, otherwise the tree will begin to deteriorate, rot and ache.